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Caesar’s household

A collective designation for the thousands of slaves and freedmen of the ruling Roman emperor who typically performed various lower-level governmental functions. (Phil 4:22) refers to members of Caesar’s household found at Rome, Caesarea, or Ephesus. Since such people were debarred from military service, (Phil 1:13) very likely refers to a different group of people.

  • Powell, Mark Allan, ed. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary. Abridged Edition. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2009.